OBSERVATION: The act of noticing signs of a coyote(s), such as tracks, scat, or vocalizations, but without visual observation of the coyote(s).
SIGHTING: A visual observation of a coyote(s). A sighting may occur at any time of the day or night.
ENCOUNTER: A direct meeting that is between human and coyote(s) with no physical contact and that is without incident.
UNATTENDED PET ATTACK: Coyote(s) kills or injures a domestic pet while pet is free-roaming, walking off-leash more than six feet from a person, or on a leash longer than six feet.
LIVESTOCK LOSS/DEPREDATION: Coyote(s) kills or injures livestock.
INCIDENT: A conflict between a human and a coyote where the coyote exhibits any of the following behaviors: growling, baring teeth, lunging or making physical contact with person.
A human is not bitten.
ATTENDED PET ATTACK: Coyote(s) kills or injures a domestic pet while attended: Pet is on a leash less than six feet in length or is in the presence of a person less than six feet away.
PROVOKED HUMAN ATTACK: A human is bitten by a coyote(s) and the involved human had encouraged the coyote to engage. Examples include a human hand-feeding a coyote, approaching a coyote with pups or intervening in a coyote attack on a pet.
UNPROVOKED HUMAN ATTACK: A human is bitten by a coyote(s) when the involved human does not encourage the coyote to engage.
Coyote Plan FAQ:
Q: Since this is an island can't we just kill them all and remove the problem?
A: The short answer is NO.Research has shown that when lethally controlled, coyotes exhibit a “rebound effect” (a surge in their reproductive rates), allowing for quick regeneration of their population numbers.
The disruption of their family group structure leads to an increase in the number of females breeding in the population, and the increase in available resources leads to larger litter sizes, earlier breeding ages among females and higher survival rates among pups. This allows coyote populations to bounce back quickly, even when as much as 70% of their numbers are removed through lethal control efforts. For these reasons, lethal programs are not effective at reducing coyote populations, and non-selective coyote trapping programs are not effective at solving conflicts.
In addition, coyotes removed from an area will quickly be replaced by transient coyotes looking for a vacant home range. If the root causes of human-coyote conflicts have not been addressed, incoming coyotes may quickly become nuisance coyotes as well. It is far better to have well-behaved resident coyotes who will hold territories and keep transients at bay then to risk having to deal with newcomers who do not know the “rules.”
Q: Why don't we take them somewhere else, we can relocate coyotes right?
A: Unfortunately No.
Relocation is not effective for a few simple reasons.
Have you ever heard that nature hates a vacuum. If a coyote is removed from a location but the attractants in that area have not been removed another coyote will quickly take it's place.
Coyotes will do anything in their power to return to their territory. A coyote trapped on the east end of Galveston and relocated on the west end of Galveston will likely return to Galveston's east end within 48 hours.
Coyote's do not assimilate. The relocated coyote will be seen as an intruder by the coyotes in the relocation area.
Texas Health and Safety Code prohibits the relocation of coyotes by law as they are a rabies vector species. This means we can't ship them off to some fancy place in west Texas.
Relocation is inhumane, ineffective and prohibited by law. There is not a sanctuary or zoo accepting unwanted coyotes.
Coexistence is Key
Coyotes as a species are here to stay. The impact coyotes make in each of our neighborhoods and the community as a whole is the direct result of how human behavior shapes coyote behavior. That means that YOU have the power to affect change in your community. We must coexist with our neighbors even the wild ones.